The Meaning and History of Casino's
The term "Casino" is of Italian origin,
the root word being "Casa" (house) and originally meant a small country villa, summerhouse or pavilion. The word changed to
refer to a building built for pleasure, usually on the grounds of a larger Italian villa
or palazzo. Such buildings
were used to host civic town functions – including dancing, music listening and
There are examples of such casinos at Villa Giulia and Villa Farnese. In modern day
Italian, this term designates a bordello (also called "casa chiusa",
literally "closed house"), while the gambling house is spelled casinò with an accent.
During the 19th century, the term "casino" came to
include other public buildings where pleasurable activities, including gambling,
and sports took place. An example of this type of building is the Newport Casino in Newport,
Not all casinos were used for gaming. The Copenhagen Casino was a theatre,
known for the use made of its hall for mass public meetings during the 1848 Revolution which made
Denmark a constitutional monarchy. Until
1937 it was a well-known Danish theatre.
Casino located in Hanko, Finland - one of that town's most
conspicuous landmarks - was never used for gambling. Rather, it was a banquet
hall for the Russian nobility which frequented this spa resort in the late 19th century, and
is presently used as a restaurant. The Catalina
a famous landmark overlooking
Harbour on Santa
California, has never been used for traditional
games of chance, which were already outlawed in California by the time it was built.
In military usage in Spanish and German, a casino or kasino is a mess;
a confusing linguistic false
friend for translators.
History of casino's
The precise origin of gambling is unknown.
The Chinese recorded the first official account of the practice in 2300 BC, but
it is generally believed that activity of gambling, in some way or another, has
been seen in almost every society in history. From the Ancient Greeks and Romans
to Napoleon's France and Elizabethan England, much of history is filled with
stories of entertainment based on the games of chance.
The first known European casinos was the Ridotto, established in Venice Italy 1638 to provide controlled
gambling during the carnival season. It was closed in the 1770 as the city
government perceived impoverish the local gentry.
In American history, early casinos were originally
known as saloons. The creation and
importance of saloons was greatly influenced by four major cities; New
Orleans, St. Louis, Chicago and San Francisco. It was in
the saloons that travellers could find people to talk to, drink with, and often
gamble with. During the early 20th century in America, gambling became outlawed
and banned by state legislation and social reformers of the time. However, in
1931, gambling was legalized throughout the state of Nevada, and Las
Vegas, spawning America's first legalized casinos, would become world famous. In
gambling in Atlantic
second largest gambling city. Other regional centres for gaming in the U.S. are Tunica
Resorts, Mississippi and in the Gulf
Coast region around Biloxi.